No fume extraction port for your 3D printer? We offer ideas and solutions.

There’s more than one way to capture the particles produced by 3D printers.

Put the printer in a hood

A customer decided that the most appropriate solution for his situation was the one shown in the conceptual image below: a MakerBot Replicator in a Model 330 Ductless Containment Hood.

3D printer inside a Sentry Air Model 330 Ductless Containment Hood.

Each side wall of the hood has an opening for the printer’s power cord.

This hood is lightweight and easily re-located because it is not physically restricted to the location of permanent ductwork.

This kind of flexibility is good for growing organizations.

Alternate between applications?

Perhaps you can alternate use of the hood between applications.

For example, do your 3D printing  a few days a week, then remove the printer and put your laser pen set up in the hood for engraving tasks.

The correct filtration set will trap both particles and fumes produced by both applications. Now that’s efficiency.

Work closely with your Sentry Air applications specialist to identify the correct filtration set.

Create an exhaust port

For situations where a ductless fume hood won’t work, consider making a fume exhaust for your 3D printer to connect to your fume extractor.

In a three-part tutorial, the local children’s museum Maker Annex guru documented how he used the space’s tools to add a fume exhaust port to a MakerBot Replicator.

He used a laser cutter, a rivet tool, and a collar, a standard component of many of our fume extractors.

Sentry Air fume extractor hose connected to the Maker Bot 3D printer.

Via the newly created fume exhaust port, the flex hose connects the printer to a Model 300 Portable Fume Extractor.

At the Maker Annex, they alternate 3D printing with laser cutting.

Sentry Air's Model 300 Portable Fume Extractor with a python hose.

Model 300 Portable Fume Extractor with a python hose.

They placed the Model 300 near both the laser cutter and the 3D printer.

To prevent fumes from spreading through the space, they attach the flexible hose to the tool that will be in operation.

We’ve posted a blog about their excellent set-up for maker kids.

 

 

 

Contact us

If you’re planning a 3D printing capability, and you’re concerned about how to handle fumes and particles, please contact us.

Email us at sales@sentryair.com, call us at 800.799.4609, visit our website at www.sentryair.com or fill out the contact form below.

Fume Extraction for Electrical Potting and Encapsulating Compounds

electric-wires-720Electrical components including PCBs, wires, and other assemblies require a form of “seal” to protect them from environmental exposures that could result in electrical shorts, sparks or complete electrical failure.

There are a variety of products and techniques on the market used to create these seals. For today’s discussion we will focus on the product Hysol® US4028. Hysol® is a product line of Henkel.

Hysol® US4028 is a flexible polyurethane elastomer formulated for general potting and encapsulation, particularly used for electrical components.

electrical pottingPotting is the technique used to surround, coat or envelop an electronic component in a liquid resin to protect it from environmental conditions.

Similarly, encapsulation is the technique in which an electrical component is surrounded, coated or enveloped in a solid resin to protect it from environmental conditions.

The compounds used in Hysol® US4028 provide mechanical reinforcement to housed assemblies, fill large voids, and protect components from exposure to chemicals, moisture, mechanical shock and vibration.

Its many positive properties include low viscosity, low moisture resistivity, and excellent tear and abrasion resistance.

When working with this product it is important to note the respiratory hazards present and implement adequate engineering safety controls.

A + B = Hazardous Fumes

Hysol® US4028 is made up of two polyurethane components, Part A – Resin and Part B – Hardener. Each component must be pre-mixed before they are mixed together. The mixed ratio by volume is 5.4 : 1.0 (Part A : Part B).

Part A Hazardous Components & Exposure Limits

Polyurethane Resin No established exposure limits
Dicyclohexylmethane-4 NIOSH REL: 0.01 ppm (0.11 mg/m3)ACGIH TLV: 0.005 ppm TWA

Part B Hazardous Components & Exposure Limits

Butyl benzyl phthalate No established exposure limits
m-Phenylenediamine ACGIH TLV: 0.1 mg/m3 TWA
N-Methyl-2- pyrrolidone AIHA WEEL: 10 ppm TWA

Acronyms-01

Once both parts are combined, the mixture must cure. Cure conditions depend on time and temperature. The below cure schedule is from the product’s technical data sheet.

Typical Curing Schedule

Time

Temperature

Notes

21 hours 77° F Plus 2.4 hours at 165° F – 185° F
16 hours 156° F – 163° F
8 hours 165° F – 185° F
7 days 77° F For full properties

Dust_fumes_inhalationMost of these cure times require an elevated temperature which means a heating element must be used.

When heated, the mixture can form into vapor which then emits volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air.

The material safety data sheets (MSDS) for both Part A and B contain numerous cautions about inhaling these compounds. Here is a snapshot of the cautions listed.

Part A

  • Harmful if inhaled
  • May cause respiratory tract irritation
  • May cause lung damage
  • Inhalation of dicyclohexylmethane-4 at concentrations above the TLV can irritate the mucous membranes causing sore throat, cough, chest discomfort, shortness of breath and reduced lung function.

Part B

  • May cause respiratory tract irritation
  • Butyl benzyl phthalate exposure may effect the central nervous system, pancreas, liver and kidney
  • m-Phenylenediamine exposure may effect the bladder, liver, kidney and central nervous system
  • N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone exposure may effect the bone marrow, central nervous system, immune system and lungs

As you can see, it is important to protect the respiratory zone of workers who may be exposed to these compounds during the mixing and curing process.

Contained workspace, chemical filtration

In addition to the health hazards listed in the MSDS, both documents recommend a form of local ventilation to keep the airborne concentration of these compounds at or below their established exposure limit.

We recommend a ductless containment hood with an activated carbon filter for the capture and filtration of these hazardous compounds.

A ductless containment hood creates a semi-enclosed, negative pressure work environment where contaminated particles are arrested at the source of emission.

These particles are pulled into the filter chamber where the activated carbon filter adsorbs the particles before recirculating filtered air back into the surrounding area.

SAS Fume Hood Airflow Pattern

By going ductless, the hood is portable and can easily move around a workspace, so you aren’t locked into an exterior exhaust port.

Our ductless fume hoods come in a variety of sizes and airflow and can be customized to suit your unique application.

SAS 218-DCH  SAS 340-DCH SAS 370-DCH

Sentry Air Systems demonstrates how our activated carbon filters work – YouTube Video